★How to cook Perfect Rice★White Rice vs Brown Rice (EP139)

Posted on Posted in Japanese traditional recipes, rice

Today, I’m going to show you how to cook perfect rice in a rice cooker, a pot, and a pressure cooker.

Rice is a staple Japanese food, we eat everyday.

When I say rice, it always means Japanese short-grain rice.

Cooking perfect rice is No1 priority in Japanese Kitchen. Sometimes too wet, sometimes too firm, even if you cook everyday. And some people like al-dente, some people like soft.

Everybody has own taste.

We usually eat white rice, because it’s delicious and digestible, just like white bread.

On the other hand, brown rice is not quite easy to digest, like multigrain whole wheat bread. But actually, it is nutritious and keeps you long.

Let me walk you through step by step, how to cook perfect rice.

Here are the useful metrics to cook Japanese short grain rice.

How to cook rice

How to cook white rice and brown rice
Prep Time6 mins
Active Time50 mins
Cuisine: Japanese
Keyword: brown rice, japan, how to cook rice, Japan, Japanese cooking,Japanese recipe, Japanese food, kitchen princess bamboo,, japan, japanese food, japanese recipe, fish recipe, healthy recipe, horse mackerel, white rice
Cost: $3~$6


  • pot
  • pressure cooker
  • rice cooker


White rice cook in rice cooker

  • 3 cups Japanese short grain white rice (Koshihikari)
  • 3 cups water

Multi-grain rice cook in a pot

  • 2 cups Japanese short grain white rice (Koshihikari)
  • 2 tbsp multi-grain
  • 2+2/5 cups water

Brown rice cooked in pressure cooker

  • 3 cups brown rice
  • cups water
  • A pinch salt


White rice in rice cooker

  • Choose freshly polished rice from the mill. You can check the date on the package.
    Put it in a rice rinsing bowl or medium-size bowl. 

    Pour cold water and swish your hand quickly and pour out cloudy water immediately as much as you can.

    The rice is really dry at this point, tends to soak up the cloudy water which makes rice taste not good.
    Swish your hand and scrub the rice gently. Pour in the water and rinse out the cloudy water. Repeat the process once again and drain. 

    Keep the water to water your trees or pre-boiling the daikon radish.

    Transfer to the rice cooker bowl. 

    Add water up to 3 cups line, as I said, we like al-dente rice, I added to just below the line.
    If you like normal rice, add to the 3 cups line, if you like the soft, add water to a little bit over the line.

    My rice cooker has several courses to creates the texture you like. I usually choose the "quick" course taking 27 mins. Today I choose "Mocchiri" which means bouncy texture, the course takes 46 mins. 

    I don't really know the difference between the courses. Choose what ever courses you like!

    The rice is done and let's see! Our kitchen smells full of rice! Rice is shine and fully cooked! As always, fluff the rice with a rice paddle, and keep the first bite as an offer to the ancestors. 

    Then serve to our family. There you have white rice cook in the rice cooker.

Multi-grain rice cook in a pot

  • Rinse your rice as we did earlier.

    Add multi-grain, if you have. You can add any grain you have on your hand, like quinoa, wild rice etc. 

    Pour water and start cooking on medium without a lid, and bring it to a boil. Stir to even the rice and water. 

    Reduce the heat to very low, and simmer 10 mins with the lid.
    You don't want to open the lid, otherwise, your rice is going to undercooked. 

    After exactly 10 mins, turn off the heat and let it stand for 10 mins.

    After 10 mins, the multi-grain rice should look like this!

    There you have a healthier version of white rice. Nutty and rich in flavor 
    rice is done!

    I serve multi-grain rice if I think the balance of the food is not good enough. 

Brown rice cook in pressure cooker

  • Brown rice takes the longest cook time as you can imagine.

    I cooked in a pressure cooker which makes wonderful texture.

    Let me show you how to rinse the brown rice.

    Rinse quickly, as we did for the white rice. 
    Then, srcrub vigorously with your hand. The bran is tough, so we must scratch the surface to cook evenly.

    Rinse under running cold water until the water runs clean.

    Transfer to the pressure cooker, and pour water and a pinch of salt.

    Start cooking on the medium heat. After 10 mins, it should start boiling and the weight begins whistling. 

    Lower the heat to low, cook 25 to 30 mins. 

    Let it stand until the pressure is released.

    Serve with vegan food like tofu and vegetable dish like the previous video, It is the best way to enjoy the earthy flavor.

    My pressure cooker is designed for brown rice but you can use any pressure cooker. Read your instruction to use propery. 

Bonus recipe: Fermented brown rice

  • Put your cooked brown rice into a rice cooker, and keep warm for 3 days.

    Or you can cook the brown rice in rice cooker and just leave it for 3 days.

    Yes, you heard me right. THREE days.

    Fluff once or twice a day to give it a fresh oxygen.

    What I am making is "fermented brown rice."

    Fermented brown rice contains GABA which relax your brain, activates our body enzyme and detox your colon.

    And it's also suitable for those who have weak digestion. 


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